An Analysis of Hedging Devices on Students’ Presentation of Seminar on Language Based on The Gender

  • Muziatun Muziatun Universitas Negeri Gorontalo
  • Fahria Malabar Univeristas Negeri Gorontalo
  • Nur Windi Sangketa Univeristas Negeri Gorontalo


This study focus on the hedging devices types proposed by Namasaraev in relation with the participants’ confidence which consisted of female and male participant toward Seminar on Language presentation. The study expects to reveal the propensity of hedging in female and male speeches. This study applied qualitative descriptive method to describe the data in which using documentation by recording the participants’ speech. The result, it proved that both participants contributed fifth types of hedging devices. In female participant, those types are modal auxiliary verb, lexical verb, approximation, ‘if’ clause, and filler. As same as female participant, the male produced same types unless the type of ‘if’ clause and produced the adverb type. The findings displayed the female participants were frequently produced the filler type in which indicated the lack of confidence. Meanwhile, the male participants preferred to use modal auxiliary verb in which delivering the assertiveness and certainty. This study expected can be guidance for the readers who want to know more about hedging, also this can be source for further researcher who interested in the same fields.


Download data is not yet available.


Alajmi, H. H. (2015). Gender and Hedging: Translatability of Difference in Agatha Christie's Third Girl.
Alqahtani, S. N., & Abdelhalim, S. M. (2020). Gender-Based Study of Interactive Metadiscourse Markers in Efl Academic Writing. Theory and Practice in Language Studies, 10(10), 1315-1325.
Alward, A. S. A. (2014). Hedges and Boosters in the English as a Foreign Language Undergraduate Persuasive Essays and Job Application Letters. Universiti Utara Malaysia.
Aston, G. (1997). Small and Large Corpora in Language Learning. Practical Applications In Language Corpora (PALC), 1(1), 51-62. Retrieved from
Biber, D. (2006). University Language: A Corpus-Based Study of Spoken and Written Registers. Amsterdam, The Netherlands: John Benjamins Publishing Company.
Biber, D. (2012). Register as a Predictor of Linguistic Variation. Corpus Linguistics and Linguistic Theory, 8(1), 9-37. doi:10.1515/cllt-2012-0002
Biber, D., Connor, U., & Upton, T. A. (2007). Discourse on the Move: Using Corpus Analysis to Describe Discourse Structure. Studies in Corpus Linguistics (Vol. 28). Amsterdam, The Netherlands: John Benjamins Publishing.
Biber, D., Conrad, S., & Reppen, R. (2004). Corpus Linguistics: Investigating Language Structure and Use. Cambridge Approaches to Linguistics (Fourth ed.). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
Clark, H. H., & Tree, J. E. F. (2002). Using Uh and Um in Spontaneous Speaking. Cognition: International Journal of Cognitive Science, 84(1), 73-111.
Coates, J., & Cameron, D. (2014). Women in Their Speech Communities: Routledge.
Coates, R. (2004). Invisible Britons: The View from Linguistics. Paper presented at the Britons in Anglo-Saxon England, Manchester.
Dixon, J. A., & Foster, D. H. (1997). Gender and Hedging: From Sex Differences to Situated Practice. Journal of psycholinguistic research, 26(1), 89-107.
Donald, A., Jacobs, L. C., Razavieh, A., & Sorensen, C. (2010). Introduction to Research in Education. New York: Nelson Education, Ltd.
Dousti, M., & Rasekh, A. E. (2016). Elt Students’ Gender Differences in the Use of Hedges in Interpersonal Interactions: A Mixed Method Approach Applied. Journal of Applied Linguistics and Language Research, 3(1), 217-231.
Holmes, J., & Schnurr, S. (2005). Politeness, Humor and Gender in the Workplace: Negotiating Norms and Identifying Contestation.
Holmes, J., & Stubbe, M. (2015). Power and Politeness in the Workplace: A Sociolinguistic Analysis of Talk at Work: Routledge.
Huang, W. J. (2015). A Corpus-Driven Analysis of Male and Female Weblog Users in an Esl Context. (Dcotoral Degree), University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
Hyland, K. (1994). Hedging in Academic Writing and Eaf Textbooks. English for Specific Purposes, 13(3), 239-256.
Hyland, K., & Milton, J. (1997). Qualification and Certainty in L1 and L2 Students' Writing. Journal of Second Language Writing, 6(2), 183-205.
Ismail, M. M., & Harun, F. N. (2021). Modern Standard Arabic Online News Discourse of Men and Women: Corpus-Based Analysis. Asian Journal of Behavioural Sciences, 3(1), 24-39.
Kamyabi Gol, A., & Jamaleddin, F. (2021). The Use of Hedges in Persian Learners’ Writing. Journal of Teaching Persian to Speakers of Other Languages, 10(21), 187-203.
Karlsson, S. (2007). Gender-Related Differences in Language Use. (Master), Lulea University of Technology, Lulea.
Kawulich, B. B. (2005). Participant Observation as a Data Collection Method. Paper presented at the Forum qualitative sozialforschung/forum: Qualitative social research.
Lakoff, R. T. (1986). You Say What You Are: Acceptability and Gender-Related Language Dialect and Language Variation (pp. 403-414): Elsevier.
Lakoff, R. T. (2017). Context Counts: Papers on Language, Gender, and Power: Oxford University Press.
Mondorf, B. (1996). Why Women Use More Postponed Adverbial Clauses. WORKING PAPERS ON LANGUAGE GENDER AND SEXISM, 6, 5-30.
Namaziandost, E., & Shafiee, S. (2018). Gender Differences in the Use of Lexical Hedges in Academic Spoken Language among Iranian Efl Learners: A Comparative Study. International Journal of Research in English Education, 3(4), 63-80.
Namsaraev, V. (2010). Hedging in Russian Academic Writing in Sociological Texts Hedging and Discourse (pp. 64-80): De Gruyter.
Nuyts, J. (1999). Epistemic Modality, Language, and Conceptualization: John Benjamins.
Parham, F. (2013). Gender Representation in Children's Efl Textbooks. Theory & Practice in Language Studies, 3(9).
Pebrianti, A. A. (2013). Women’s Language Features Used by Indonesian Female Bloggers. Passage, 1(2), 109-118.
Quirk, R. (2010). A Comprehensive Grammar of the English Language: Pearson Education India.
Resche, C. (2015). Hedging in the Discourse of Central Banks. Studies in Communication Sciences, 15(1), 83-92.
Rosanti, E. D., & Jaelani, A. (2016). The Use of Lexical Hedges in Spoken Language by Female and Male Students. English Journal, 9(1), 29-39.
S Alotaibi, H. (2021). The Use of Metadiscursive Markers in Letters of Recommendation: An Investigation of Gender Variations. Arab World English Journal (AWEJ) Volume, 12.
Sahlberg, D. (2012). Taking out Insurance on Statements: Hedging in Women's and Men's Research Articles. (Master Degree), Linnaeus University, Kalmar, Sweden.
Saidi, S. (2018). Urban Life and Redefinition of Immigrants’ Identity: Afghan Women’s Acculturation in Germany. The Journal of Research in Humanities, 24(2), 121-140.
Schmied, J. (2015). Academic Writing in English in Comparison: Degree Adverbs, Connecting Adverbials, and Contrastive/Concessive Markers in the Chemcorpus and Comparable Data-Bases English as a Scientific and Research Language (pp. 159-184): De Gruyter Mouton.
Shazu, R. I. (2014). Relationship between Gender and Language. Journal of Education and Practice, 5(14), 93-100.
Silverman, D. (2020). Qualitative Research: sage.
Varttala, T. (2001). Hedging in Scientifically Oriented Discourse. Exploring Variation According to Discipline and Intended Audience: Tampere University Press.
Walter, E. (2008). Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary: Cambridge university press.
Wang, S.-P., & Tatiana, K. (2016). Corpus Research on Hedges in Linguistics and Efl Journal Papers. International Journal of Education, 9(1), 45-52.
Weisi, H., & Asakereh, A. (2021). Hedging Devices in Applied Linguistics Research Papers: Do Gender and Nativeness Matter? Glottotheory, 12(1), 71-83.
Xia, X. (2013). Gender Differences in Using Language. Theory and Practice in Language Studies, 3(8), 1485.
How to Cite
MUZIATUN, Muziatun; MALABAR, Fahria; SANGKETA, Nur Windi. An Analysis of Hedging Devices on Students’ Presentation of Seminar on Language Based on The Gender. Ideas: Jurnal Pendidikan, Sosial, dan Budaya, [S.l.], v. 7, n. 4, p. 97-106, nov. 2021. ISSN 2656-940X. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 05 dec. 2021. doi: