Maksim Kesopanan pada Tuturan Tokoh dalam Novel Bumi Surga Karya Muhammad Irata

  • Verawati Ahmad Universitas Negeri Gorontalo
  • Dakia N. Djou Universitas Negeri Gorontalo
  • Sitti Rachmi Masie Universitas Negeri Gorontalo

Abstract

Politeness in language is an effort to avoid rudeness in social interactions. This research focuses on the use of politeness maxims in the novel Bumi Surga by Muhammad Irata. The main goal is to describe the usage of politeness maxims in the work. A pragmatic approach with Geoffrey Leech's theory serves as the research framework, utilizing a qualitative descriptive method. Data is collected from the dialogues of the characters in the novel through reading, note-taking, and classification techniques. The research results reveal the presence of 37 instances of conversations following politeness maxims: tact (5 instances), generosity (4 instances), approbation (7 instances), modesty (5 instances), agreement (7 instances), and sympathy (9 instances). The data found indicates that in the novel Bumi Surga by Muhammad Irata, most of the characters' dialogues in the story adhere to politeness maxims based on Leech's theory. Compliance with politeness maxims reflects the characters' way of life in the story, as evident in their manner of speaking and interacting with one another. This demonstrates that the author has portrayed the characters' personalities and character through their communication and adherence to the principles of politeness in the narrative.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Abdullah, A., Djou, D. N., & Masie, S. R. (2020). Afiks Infleksi dan Derivasi dalam Bahasa Gorontalo. Ideas: Jurnal Pendidikan, Sosial, dan Budaya, 6(4), 397-414. https://www.jur nal.ideaspublishing.co.id/index.php/ideas/article/view/305
Alkatiri, D., Purwaka, A., & Cuedeyeni, P. (2021). Tindak Tutur Direktif dalam Novel Ayah Karya Andrea Hirata. Tunas: Jurnal Pendidikan Guru Sekolah Dasar, 7(1), 1-8. https:// doi.org/10.33084/tunas.v7i1.2683
Anggraini, N., Rahayu, N., & Djunaidi, B. (2019). Kesantunan Berbahasa Indonesia dalam Pembelajaran di Kelas X MAN 1 Model Kota Bengkulu. Jurnal Ilmiah KORPUS, 3(1), 42-54. https://doi.org/10.33369/jik.v3i1.7345
Halawa, N., Gani, E., & Syahrul, R. (2019). Kesantunan Berbahasa Indonesia dalam Tindak Tutur Melarang dan Mengkritik pada Tujuh Etnis. Lingua: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra, 15(2), 195-205. https://journal.unnes.ac.id/nju/index.php/lingua/article/view/177 38/9511
Ismiyati, I. (2022). Analisis Kesantunan Tuturan dalam Novel Tabula Rasa Karya Ratih Kumala. Prasasti: Journal of Linguistics, 7(1), 38-46. https://doi.org/10.20961/prasasti.v 7i1.52568
Khoiriah, U., Ningsih, A. R., & Nofrita, M. (2022). Kesantunan Maksim dalam Novel Si Anak Cahaya Karya Tere Liye. Journal Of Literature Rokania, 1(1), 55-66. https://e-j urnal.rokania.ac.id/index.php/jlr/article/view/125/88
Lestari, N. W. P., Sudiana, I. N., & Artika, I. W. (2019). Prinsip Kerja Sama dalam Novel Magening Karya Wayan Jengki Sunarta. Jurnal Imiah Pendidikan dan Pembelajaran, 3(3), 384-393. https://doi.org/10.23887/jipp.v3i3.21849
Lutfiana, D., & Utomo, A. P. Y. (2022). Analisis Prinsip Kerja Sama dalam Dialog Antartokoh pada Novel Cahaya Palestine Karya Vanny Cw. Jurnal Skripta: Jurnal Pembelajaran Bahasa dan Sastra Indonesia, 8(2), 69-74. https://doi.org/10.31316/skripta.v8i2.2268
Melia, M. (2019). Prinsip Kesantunan Berbahasa Siswa. Jurnal Pendidikan Bahasa, 8(1), 110-123. https://journal.ikippgriptk.ac.id/index.php/bahasa/article/download/1139/948
Nisa, A. K., & Rahmawati, F. (2022). Prinsip Kerja Sama dan Kesopanan dalam Novel Pergi Karya Tereliye: Kajian Pragmatik. Tabasa: Jurnal Bahasa, Sastra Indonesia, dan Pengajarannya, 3(01), 45-57. https://doi.org/10.22515/tabasa.v3i01.5371
Nurgiyantoro, B. (2018). Teori Pengkajian Fiksi. Gadjah Mada University Press.
Pulungan, M. N. (2021). Prinsip Kerja Sama Grice dalam Novel Raumanen Karya Marianne Katoppo. Alinea: Jurnal Bahasa, Sastra, dan Pengajaran, 10(1), 15-24. https://123dok.c om/document/y6p81vgq-prinsip-kerja-grice-dalam-novel-raumanen-marianne-katoppo.h tml
Rochman, S. A., Jamjam, A., & Dayudin, D. (2019). Prinsip Kesopanan Maksim Kedermawanan Tokoh Utama dalam Novel Aulād Hāratinā Episode Jabal Karya Najīb Mahfūz (Kajian Pragmatik). Hijai-Journal on Arabic Language and Literature, 2(1), 124-136. https://doi.org/10.15575/hijai.v2i1.6477
Rohmadi, M. (2017). Teori Pragmatik dan Analisis (Y. Kusumawati (ed.). Yuma Pustaka.
Wati, I. R. N., & Supriyanto, H. (2023). Prinsip Kesantunan dalam Naskah Drama Dor Karya Putu Wijaya. SNHRP: Seminar Nasional Hasil Riset dan Pengabdian, 5, 1328-1341. http s://snhrp.unipasby.ac.id/prosiding/index.php/snhrp/article/view/693
Yulianti, Y., & Utomo, A. P. Y. (2020). Analisis Implikatur Percakapan dalam Tuturan Film Laskar Pelangi. Matapena: Jurnal Keilmuan Bahasa, Sastra, dan Pengajarannya, 3(1), 1-14. http://ejurnal.unim.ac.id/index.php/matapena/article/view/693
Published
2023-11-27
How to Cite
AHMAD, Verawati; DJOU, Dakia N.; MASIE, Sitti Rachmi. Maksim Kesopanan pada Tuturan Tokoh dalam Novel Bumi Surga Karya Muhammad Irata. Ideas: Jurnal Pendidikan, Sosial, dan Budaya, [S.l.], v. 9, n. 4, p. 1275-1284, nov. 2023. ISSN 2656-940X. Available at: <https://jurnal.ideaspublishing.co.id/index.php/ideas/article/view/1461>. Date accessed: 03 mar. 2024. doi: https://doi.org/10.32884/ideas.v9i4.1461.